During the Baroque era, polyphonic contrapuntal music, by which a number of, simultaneous independent melody strains had been used, remained essential (counterpoint was essential within the vocal music of the Medieval era). German Baroque composers wrote for small ensembles including strings, brass, and woodwinds, in addition to for choirs and keyboard instruments corresponding to pipe organ, harpsichord, and clavichord. During this period several major music forms had been defined that lasted into later periods after they have been expanded and evolved additional, together with the fugue, the invention, the sonata, and the concerto. The late Baroque type was polyphonically complicated and richly ornamented. Important composers from the Baroque era include Johann Sebastian Bach (Cello suites), George Frideric Handel (Messiah), Georg Philipp Telemann and Antonio Lucio Vivaldi (The Four Seasons).
Instruments included the double-reed aulos and a plucked string instrument, the lyre, principally the particular type known as a kithara. Music … Read More